Knowing what HIV Criminalization is and how Ohio has applied laws to the subject of HIV is a critical first step in understanding the dire need for laws to be modernized and brought up to date with modern science.
This resource for community advocates provides a timeline describing the repeals and reforms to HIV criminal laws in the seven states that have made the most significant changes to their laws since 1994. Special thanks to community advocate Bryan C. Jones of Ohio for recognizing the need for and requesting the creation of this resource. See the Timeline
During the early years of the HIV epidemic, many states implemented HIV-specific criminal exposure laws—HIV criminalization laws—to discourage behavior that we know cannot lead to transmission (such as biting or spitting), and, as a requirement for receiving federal funds to support HIV treatment efforts. Read the Full Response
On March 15, 2014, the Civil Rights Division of the United States Department of Justice
and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”) published Prevalence and Public
Health Implications of State Laws that Criminalize Potential HIV Exposure in the United States,
AIDS and Behavior (“Article”).1 Read Full Article
For the past three decades, legislative approaches to prevent HIV transmission have been used at the national, state, and local levels. One punitive legislative approach has been enactment of laws that criminalize behaviors associated with HIV exposure (HIV-specific
criminal laws). Read More
For those who object to Modernizing and use blood transfusion policies as reason, here are summary key points from Modernizing Indiana’s HIV-related blood donation criminal laws Read More
Ending the HIV Epidemic in the U.S. requires addressing structural barriers to HIV prevention and care. Current scientific and medical evidence should inform state laws and practices that criminalize behaviors by people with HIV. States should consider updating or repealing outdated laws and practices. Read More
As 2020 ended, three communities from Ohio completed plans to do just that. The goal of the plans is aggressive: reduce new HIV infections by at least 90 percent by 2030. Cuyahoga, Franklin (Central Ohio) and Hamilton counties were identified for early planning as part of national Ending the HIV Epidemic (EHE) efforts, because those three counties account for more than half of new HIV infections in Ohio each year. Read More
We are not alone in fighting for modernization, check out what other organizations around the world are doing.
HIV Justice Toolkit: https://toolkit.hivjusticeworldwide.org/
Expert Consensus Statement on the Science of HIV in the Context of Criminal Law https://onlinelibrary.wiley.
Global Criminalisation Scan at GNP+: http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net/
In 2021, together with the support of the Elizabeth Taylor AIDS Foundation and notable experts from Law, Health and Advocacy sectors, we created six videos explaining why HIV criminalization is bad for public health, human rights and efforts to end the endemic.